Understanding Personal Injury Cases: A Comprehensive Guide

Personal injury cases refer to legal disputes that arise when one person suffers harm or injury due to someone else’s or some entity’s carelessness (often referred to as negligence) or intentional act (such as a battery).  In this article, we will explain the different types of personal injury cases you may encounter:

1.  Accidents

Accidents are one of the most common types of personal injury claims. There are different types of accidents, including:

    • Car accidents, also known as motor vehicle accidents – involve injuries suffered in an accident involving two or more cars. Examples of this include:
      • A driver in Santa Clarita is careless and drives too close to the car in front, or too fast for the conditions, and ends up rear-ending the car directly in front when that car stops.
      • A driver in the San Fernando Valley is careless and runs through a red light, resulting in a crash with another car that had entered the intersection on a green light.
      • A driver in Los Angeles carelessly makes an unsafe left turn into oncoming traffic, causing an accident with an oncoming car.
      • A driver carelessly changes lanes, tries to make an unsafe right turn from the wrong lane, or tries to make an unsafe U-turn, resulting in an accident with a vehicle in the next lane.
    • Motorcycle accidents involve injuries suffered by a motorcyclist who is involved in an accident with another moving vehicle, such as a car, truck, or bus. These types of accidents generally occur in the same manner as those described in car accidents.
    • Bicycle accidents involve injuries suffered when a bicyclist is involved in an accident with another moving vehicle, such as a car, truck, or bus. These types of accidents generally occur when a motorist does not see the bicyclist and strikes the bicyclist when turning or runs the bicyclist off the road.   
    • Truck accidents involve injuries suffered by a motorist, motorcyclist, or bicyclist involved in a truck accident. These types of accidents generally occur in the same manner as those described in car and bicycle accidents.
    • Pedestrian Accidents involve injuries suffered by pedestrians who are struck by a moving vehicle while crossing the street or who are struck when a moving vehicle makes an unsafe turn into or out of a shopping center, striking the pedestrian on the sidewalk.


2.  Slip and Fall Accidents

Slip and fall accidents occur when someone slips, trips, or falls on another person’s property due to a dangerous condition, such as wet floors, significantly uneven surfaces, or inadequate lighting. In the legal field, these types of incidents are commonly referred to as “Premises Liability” cases.

In this type of incident, the person or entity in charge of maintaining the property, such as the property owner, renter or lessee (the person or entity who has leased the property from the owner), and/or the management company may be held responsible for injuries suffered on their premises if they failed to maintain a safe environment.

These types of incidents generally occur in supermarkets, office buildings, apartment complexes, etc.


3Dog Bites 

Dog bite cases occur when a person is bitten or attacked by a dog. In California, dog owners are strictly liable for injuries caused by their pets, regardless of whether the dog has a history of aggression. This means that the owner is responsible even if his or her dog has never previously attacked or bitten a person.

In some instances, such as apartment complexes, the person or entity in charge of maintaining the property could also be held responsible under a “negligence” claim, but not strict liability.  Under this scenario, the person or entity would have to be on notice that the dog is on their property and has a propensity to be dangerous.


4.  Medical Malpractice 

Medical malpractice cases arise when a healthcare provider’s negligence or misconduct leads to injury or harm to a patient. Examples include surgical errors, misdiagnoses, medication mistakes, and birth injuries.


5. Product Liability

Product liability cases involve injuries caused by defective or dangerous products. Manufacturers, distributors, and sellers can be held accountable for injuries caused by defects in a product’s design, manufacturing, or marketing.


6.  Assault and Battery 

Assault and battery cases involve intentional acts of violence or harm inflicted by one person on another. These cases may result in both criminal charges and civil lawsuits seeking compensation for medical expenses, pain and suffering, and other damages.


7.  Workplace Injuries

Workplace injuries fall under the worker’s compensation portion of the law. However, they can also result in personal injury claims under certain conditions.

An injury claim is applicable if the injured party was injured while performing his or her job duties but the injury was caused by a third party, i.e. someone other than the employer or co-worker. The best example is a delivery driver who gets into an accident while delivering packages. He was performing his duty of delivering packages when a careless driver crashed into him.


8.  Wrongful Death 

Wrongful death cases arise when a person’s death is caused by the negligent (careless) or intentional actions of another person or entity. Family members of the deceased may file a wrongful death lawsuit to seek compensation for their loss, including funeral expenses, lost income, and loss of companionship.



Although this article shows a wide variety of personal injury cases, there are others not mentioned. They include Construction Site Accidents, Burn Injuries cases, and Nursing Home/Elder Abuse cases.  We will discuss these in other articles.

As noted, personal injury cases encompass a wide range of accidents and injuries, each with its own set of legal complexities. If you’ve been injured due to someone else’s negligence or misconduct, it’s essential to seek legal advice from an experienced personal injury and accident attorney who can help you understand your rights and pursue the compensation you deserve.

Our office handles all types of Personal Injury cases in California, including those in Santa Clarita Valley (SCV), San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles, Ventura County, Orange County and Kern County. Please feel free to contact us with any questions you may have.  We can be reached at (661) 476-5678 or (855) MASONLA.


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